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隋代筆記 vol.1 藍理捷青釉袖珍家具一套:納爾遜博物館藏 - Sui Notes, A JJ.Lally Set Of Glazed Stoneware Miniature Tomb FurnitureSui Dynasty in the Nelson Atkins Museum Collection.



這套器物由藍理捷購於香港松心閣,並於2006年售出給納爾遜博物館。這套器物可謂是隋代器物的標準器,此時白釉尚未成熟,雖然釉面有斑駁但瑕不掩瑜,這個時代的器物以造型、內涵取勝。這套器物是為袖珍尺寸,多年來並無此類作品再出,存世極為罕見。


無論從審美,歷史意義上,都十分具有研究價值。特別是鞋子、憑幾還有隋代女士經常使用的圓凳等,都十分精巧可愛。



A SET OF GLAZED STONEWARE MINIATURE FURNITURE

Sui Dynasty (A.D. 581-618)


Height of objects 2 1/2 inches - 5 1/2 inches (6-14 cm)Height of granaries 12 1/4 inches -13 inches (31-33 cm)


包括一個帶五個插座的方形燭台、一個帶三腳架馬腿支架的青銅形式的鼎爐、一個帶碟形支架的穿蓮花形鼎爐、一個帶環的油燈、一個帶蓮花頂飾的圓柱形帶蓋盒的小稜模型、 一個帶長柄的青銅澆注器,置於三腳架馬腿支架上;一雙刻有紋飾的靴子;一雙翹起半圓形腳趾的拖鞋;一個卵形枕頭,兩端穿有蓮花瓣和環形裝飾;一個四方形井口模型;一個小方勺;一個長方形有蓋盒;另一個較小的長方形有蓋盒,內壁塗有朱砂紅色顏料、 一個階梯形凸緣正面的爐子模型,一個三腳的 “C ”形憑幾,一個有角形支架的矮桌,可能是一個棋盤,一個有槽的線軸形凳子,一個有角形支架的刻有圖案的方形圍棋棋盤,一個兩端上翹的桌子,桌子的支架是有槽的,一個窄墊形的長方形扶手,扶手的支架是木架、 一對石板支撐的長方形小桌,一個鏤空平台底座上的塊狀倉庫模型,可拆卸的 “瓦 ”形屋頂下有一個小凹門,屋頂上有多個蓮花頂飾,以及兩個糧倉模型,每個模型都是高圓形,鏤空平台底座上有刻花門,配有可拆卸的帶蓮花頂飾的高尖屋頂。



all made from high-fired white pottery covered with a translucent glaze of pale greenish tone, showing scattered remains of gold foil, including a candelabrum of squared form with five sockets, a bronze-form ding censer on tripod horse-leg supports, a pierced lotus-bud form censer on dish support, an oil lamp with rings on a ribbed standard rising to a bud finial, a small ribbed model of a cylindrical covered box with lotus bud finial, a bronze-form pouring vessel with long handle on tripod horse-leg supports, a pair of boots with incised decoration, a pair of slippers with upturned half-round toes, an ovoid pillow with pierced lotus-petal-and-loop ends, a quadrangular model of a wellhead, a small square ladle, an oblong covered box, another smaller oblong covered box with cinnabar red pigment on the interior, a model of a stove with stepped-flange front, a 'C'-shaped armrest on three legs, a low table on corner-bracket supports, possibly a game board, a slotted spool-shaped stool, an incised square weiqi chessboard on corner-bracket supports, a table with turned-up ends raised on splayed slotted supports, a narrow cushion-shaped oblong armrest on trestle supports, a pair of small rectangular tables on slab supports, a block-shaped model of a storehouse on openwork platform base with a small recessed door under the removable “tiled” roof with multiple lotus bud finials, and two models of granaries, each of tall rounded form with incised door above the openwork platform base and fitted with removable high pointed roof with lotus bud finial.



Reference / 參考


松心閣「蓮心千古」南北朝特展中展出了一套北朝的佛器,釉色淡綠,曾為奉文堂的舊藏。



1959 年在河南安陽張勝墓中發現了一套類似的綠釉石器墓葬傢具,包括非常相似的燭台、香爐、扶手、井蓋、爐子、靴子、拖鞋和兩種類型的儲藏室,墓誌銘包括公元 595 年的紀年。作者認為,這些淡綠色釉的精美白色石器模型產自安陽附近的磁縣,而磁縣的嘉壁窯正是以生產這類器物而聞名。


河南省安陽市發現的一座隋代墓葬中出土的另一套釉面石器微型模型,見《考古》1992 年第 1 期第 32-45 頁和第 79 頁的發掘報告。


紐約大都會藝術博物館收藏了兩尊隋代草釉女侍陶俑,一個手持線軸形凳子,另一個手持卵形枕頭,插圖見《大都會藝術博物館公報》,第 XXXII 卷,第 2 期,1973/1974 年,圖 67。


A similar set of green-glazed stoneware tomb furniture including very similar models of candelabrum, censer, armrest, wellhead, stove, boots, slippers, and both types of storehouses, discovered in 1959 at Anyang, Henan province in the tomb of Zhang Sheng, with an epitaph including a cyclical date corresponding to A.D. 595, is illustrated in Kaogu, 1959, No. 10, pls. 12-13, with line drawings on pp. 543-544, where the author suggests that these fine white stoneware models with pale green glaze were produced in Ci county near Anyang at the Jiabi kilns which were famous for this type of ware.


Another set of glazed stoneware miniature models from a Sui Dynasty tomb also discovered at Anyang, Henan province, is illustrated in an excavation report published in Kaogu, 1992, No. 1, pp. 32-45 and p. 79.


Two straw-glazed pottery figures of female attendants attributed to the Sui Dynasty, one holding a spool-shaped stool and the other holding an ovoid pillow, are in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, illustrated in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, Volume XXXII, No. 2, 1973/1974, fig. 67.


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