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青銅筆記 vol.5 西周簋之王者:甲簋 上海博物館 - The Western Zhou Dynasty 'Jia' GUI, Shanghai Museum.




甲簋

詳細年代:西周早期

尺寸:高29.8釐米,口徑22.5釐米

來源:唐祖詁、宋景文1959年捐贈

位置:上海博物館


SACA學會 青銅筆記 vol.5 西周簋之王者:甲簋 上海博物館 - The Western Zhou Dynasty 'Jia' GUI, Shanghai Museum.


1925年陝西寶雞鬥雞台出土。簋是盛放飯食的器皿,這件方座簋是周文化的代表器物。


頸腹兩側的附耳為獸首鳥身的形式,下接垂珥。頸部、圈足及方座的每一面皆飾有鳳鳥紋,鳳鳥樣式各不相同。


頸部和圈足飾長冠分尾鳥紋,方座上沿飾兩兩對稱的垂尾鳥紋,下沿飾對稱的長尾鳥紋,兩側飾佇立式的鷙鳥紋。方座台面四角飾牛頭紋,腹部飾乳釘雷紋,尖長的乳釘很有特色。文獻記載有「鳳鳴岐山」,因此周人喜愛鳳鳥紋的裝飾題材。


器內底鑄銘文一字「甲」,這是周人以干支生稱的一個實例。




This square-seated gui was excavated in 1925 from Baoji Duoji Terrace in Shaanxi Province. Gui was a vessel for serving food, and this square-seated gui is representative of the Zhou culture.


The ears on the sides of the neck and belly are in the form of animal heads and bird bodies, with pendant rings below. The neck, footrim, and each side of the square pedestal are decorated with phoenix and bird motifs, each in a different style.


The neck and footrim are decorated with a long crown and split-tailed bird, the upper edge of the square pedestal is decorated with two symmetrical pendant-tailed birds, the lower edge is decorated with a symmetrical long-tailed bird, and the sides are decorated with a standing bird of prey. The corners of the square pedestal are decorated with bull's head motifs, and the abdomen is decorated with a pattern of nipple spikes, with long, sharp nipples. There is a record of a phoenix singing at Qishan, which explains the Zhou people's preference for phoenix and bird motifs.


The inscription "JIA" on the bottom of the vessel is an example of the Zhou people's use of stem and branch names.


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