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宋代筆記 vol.26 南宋龍泉窯鬲式爐 傳世粉青 克拉克伉儷珍藏 - Aflred Clark Tripod Censor, the Heirloom Kinuta Longquan Censer.



SACA學會 宋代筆記 vol.26 龍泉窯三足爐 傳世 克拉克伉儷珍藏 677.5萬港元成交 (2020年7月11日,蘇富比香港


這件是南宋時期龍泉窯的巔峰之作,釉色瑩潤、肥厚,有深邃華麗的「二重貫入」式開片,金絲鐵線般的即視感讓人不由聯想起南宋幻之名窯修內司。


來自傳奇收藏家,東方陶瓷學會核心成員克拉克的收藏。又經Robert Barron收藏,曾參加過多次展覽,其中包括傳奇的1959年宋瓷大展。一爐足有金繕修復,根據其修復手法可知是其來自日本的收藏,應為傳世之作品。



龍泉窯有開片和不開片兩種類型,兩者相互相成,並無高低。早期收藏,常把開片好的龍泉窯誤認為哥窯,比如東方陶瓷學會第二任主席阿倫·巴洛爵士(Sir Alan Barlow)的一件現藏牛津Ashmolean Museum的南宋龍泉窯斗笠碗,通體開片,與本品極為相似,當時便是當作哥窯的作品購買,價格不菲。


這件爐在疫情期間透過蘇富比上拍,在艱苦的條件下,依然錄得同類拍賣價格的世界紀錄,若再次上拍,SACA學會估計其預估將超過200萬美金。



Lot 117. An extremely rare Longquan 'Guan' tripod incense burner, Southern Song dynasty (1127-1279); 13.5 cm, 5 1/4  in. Estimate HKD 6,000,000 — 8,000,000


Price realised HKD 6,775,000 . Courtesy Sotheby's. 


with a compressed globular body rising to a constricted cylindrical neck and flat everted rim, all supported on three slightly splayed tapering legs, the rounded exterior with three evenly spaced ridges extending from the shoulder to the centre of each leg, superbly covered with a soft bluish-green glaze suffused with a delicate network of golden-brown crackles stopping short of the tips of the legs and exposing the pale grey body.


Provenance: Collection of Mr and Mrs Alfred Clark.Sotheby's London, 25th March 1975, lot 58.Collection of Robert Barron.Christie's New York, 30th March 2005, lot 321.


ExhibitedCeladon Wares, Oriental Ceramic Society, London, 1947, no. 13, pl. 9.The Oriental Ceramic Society Exhibition of Ju and Kuan Wares: Imperial Wares of the Sung Dynasty, Related Wares and Derivatives of Later Date, London, 1952, cat. no. 94.Art of China and Japan, Huntsville Museum of Art, Huntsville, 1977, p. 26, no. 46.Ceramics: The Chinese Legacy, The Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis, 1984, p. 15, cat. no. 10.Heaven and Earth Seen Within: Song Ceramics from the Robert Barron Collection, New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, 2000, cat. no. 57.


Literature: B. Gray, 'Chinese Porcelain and Pottery: Some Pieces in the Collection of Mrs. Alfred Clarke [sic]', The Connoisseur, April 1953, p. 21:X.


Note: This censer exudes a sense of refined elegance through its pleasing form and dazzling crackled glaze. Well-rooted in the aesthetic ideals of the Southern Song dynasty, it testifies to the exceptional quality achieved at the Longquan kilns.

As the Jurchen Jin began advancing towards the Song dynasty capital, Kaifeng in Henan province, the Song court fled to the south and in 1135 founded a new capital in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. This move gave rise to a flourishing time not only for the arts but also for Chinese culture in general. The establishment of the court in Hangzhou gave an unprecedented boost to the ceramic manufactories in Southern China, including the Longquan kilns. Centred around Dayao in Longquan county, these kilns were able to adapt their wares to the demands o the ruling scholar-official class and the court. The focus was to achieve perfection in material, design and craftsmanship; thus the Longquan craftsmen focused on improving the technical aspects of ceramic production, from the preparation of the material, the precision in potting, glazing and firing to produce the coveted jade-like glaze seen on this censer.


The Longquan kilns were very active in this period and produced glazes that feature a wide variety of celadon hues, including the striking crackled glaze seen on this censer. This thick, semi-opaque bluish glaze was most likely inspired by the iconic guan (official) wares made for the imperial court at the Jiaotanxia kilns near Hangzhou. Zhu Baoqian in Celadons from Longquan Kilns, Taipei, 1998, pp. 37-39, suggests that these crackled wares began to be produced around 1200, and fragments of crackled wares have been recovered at various Longquan kilns active in this period, including the Xinting and Aodi kilns in Daoyao county, and the Wayaoqing, Kulouwan and Lijiashan kilns in Xikou county (Special Exhibition of Sung Dynasty Kuan Ware, National Palace Museum, Taipei, 1989, p. 30). Zhu Baoqian, further explains that two distinct types of crackled wares were made at Longquan: those with a light-coloured body such as the present piece, and those with a dark body.


Ceramic wares of the Song dynasty, including this incense burner, were adapted to the taste of the court and the scholar-official class and stylistically moved away from the baroque tendencies of the Tang period (618-907), to a 'purification' of style that culminated in the Southern Song period. Wares were often devoid of ornamentation and their qualities were meant to be visible only to the trained eye. Craftsmen concentrated to create clean and well-balanced lines that were seemingly modest in appearance, and were often adapted from archaic jades and bronzes, including this piece. This censer was modelled after archaic bronze liding, which in the Shang (16th century-c.1050 BC) and Zhou (c.1050-221 BC) dynasties, were used during ritual ceremonies for boiling millet.

While Longquan censers of this form were produced in large quantities, those with a crackled glaze are unusual. See a Longquan censer of this form covered in a beige glaze suffused with crackles, from the Sekido family collection, sold at Christie’s New York, 18th/19th September 2014, lot 745.


Compare also a censer of this form, identified as guanyao, in the National Palace Museum, Taipei, illustrated in Porcelain of the National Palace Museum. Guan Ware of the Sung Dynasty, Hong Kong, 1962, pl. 19; and a reconstructed censer unearthed at Jiaotanxia, illustrated in Nan Song guannyao [Southern Song dynasty official ware], Beijing, 1996, pl. XX, no. 2.


Sotheby's. Monochrome, Hong Kong, 11 July 2020





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